Tarun Das has spent his professional career in the development and promotion of Indian Industry. He was the Director General and Chief Executive of Confederation of Indian Industry,CII from April 1967 to May 2004 and Chief Mentor from June 2004 to October 2009.

He is currently the Chairman of Sasakawa India Leprosy Foundation (SILF) and also Chairman, Advisory Board, JCB India. He is also deeply involved with various non- profit institutions such as Ananta Aspen Centre(AAC); Ananta Centre (AC); The Aspen Institute, USA; Council on Energy Environment and Water (CEEW); Singapore India Partnership Foundation (SIPF); Indian Institute of Management, Shillong ;Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER); Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust (BYST); CII-Triveni Water Institute; World Wildlife Fund (WWF); Institute of Chinese Studies(ICS). 

He has been working closely on deepening international ties. He is Co-Chair, US – India Strategic Dialogue, India- Japan Strategic Dialogue, US-India -Japan Strategic Dialogue and India- Israel Forum and Member, India- Singapore Strategic Dialogue, India-China Strategic Dialogue, India- Turkey Forum, US - India Climate Change Dialogue and Trilateral Commission.

He is also Member, International Advisory Board, Chubb (USA). He has authored a book: “Crossing Frontiers". He has received Padma Bhushan, one of the highest Civilian Awards, for contribution in the field of Trade and Industry, by the President of India; Singapore National Award (Public Service Medal) by the Singapore Government for contribution to strengthening economic ties between India and Singapore; Honorary Doctorate in Science, The University of Warwick, UK; Honorary CBE for contribution to Indo-British relations; Honorary Doctorate by the Tel Aviv University in Israel for extraordinary commitment to promoting the Indian Economy in the global arena.